The operating facilities of a port refers to the facili […]
The operating facilities of a port refers to the facilities provided by the port terminal for cargo handling, storage and other production and operation and related services, which are mainly divided into loading and unloading production facilities and cargo storage facilities. otr wheel rim According to international and domestic practice, this part of the facilities is usually undertaken by the port operators to purchase and operate.
1. Loading and unloading facilities. The loading and unloading facilities mainly refer to the loading, unloading, and transporting machinery used by the ports for the loading and unloading of goods by ships and vehicles and the transportation of goods within the ports.
The types and quantities of port handling machinery are determined based on the type of cargo to be loaded and unloaded by the port, handling capacity, and handling technology. Port loading and unloading machinery and equipment is an important part of the port system and can be divided into lifting machinery, handling machines, conveying machinery and various types of loading and unloading machinery.
2. Port storehouse. The port stockyard is a collective term for warehouses, sheds, and yards in the port area. It provides port facilities for short-term storage after the cargo is unloaded before shipment. It consists of two parts: warehouse and yard. The port stockyard is the main distribution site for cargo, and it plays a role of reserve, adjustment, sorting, and buffering in the process of cargo handling. The warehouse is mainly used for storing goods that are not suitable for sun and rain, and valuable goods that are easily lost. It can be divided into front warehouse and rear warehouse.
The front warehouse is used for short-term storage of goods in order to accelerate the turnover of vehicles, ships and goods; rear The warehouse can store goods for a long time to serve the owner's purpose of storing and standing by. The freight yard is mainly used to store goods that are not afraid of the effects of rain, sunlight and temperature changes, such as coal, ore, sand and stone tiles and other building materials. The shed refers to a storage yard covered only by the roof and surrounded by shelter, for the temporary storage of goods not suitable for the sun and the rain.