What are the main machinery in the container port?


What are the main machinery in the container port? Port […]

What are the main machinery in the container port?

Port handling machinery can be divided into three basic types: hoisting machinery, bromma spreader conveying machinery, and loading and unloading handling machinery. At present, there are more than 100 types of loading and unloading machinery used in ports, of which about 30 are widely used

1.lifting machinery

A machine that can lift cargo vertically and have a horizontal transport function. Its job is characterized by intermittent repetition of work, with dead time in each work cycle. Lifting machinery is mainly a variety of lifting equipment. There are many portal cranes, door grab unloaders, bridge grab unloaders, gantry cranes and floating cranes (see lifting vessels). . Container terminals mainly use quayside container cranes.
Portal cranes.
A type of rotary jib crane, named after a door-shaped base (door seat), is also known as a door hanger and door machine. It has four institutions that can coordinate lifting work, rotation, amplitude, and walking (Figure 1). The portal crane walks along the ground track. Rail vehicles and cars are accessible under the seats. twistlock Manufacturers This type of crane boom is long and has a high lifting height. The working speed of each mechanism is fast, so the working range is large, the productivity is high, and different picking devices can be equipped. For example, hooks can be used for loading and unloading heavy items such as cargoes and steels. Bulk loading and loading can be used for loading and unloading of bulk cargo. In addition, containers can be loaded and unloaded with special slings (but the efficiency is not as good as container-specific equipment). Therefore, versatility is strong. China produces 5 tons, 10 tons, 16 tons, and 60 tons of portal cranes of different lifting levels.

2.Door grab unloader.
The special machinery derived from the portal crane, also known as the belt-to-door crane, is mostly used for seaport bulk cargo unloading operations. The structure is similar to that of a portal crane, but a funnel for carrying bulk cargo and a belt conveyor system are mounted on the door seat, and the spreader is a grab bucket. After the grab grabs the bulk cargo from the cabin, it lifts and changes the amplitude, discharges the bulk cargo in the funnel on the entry seat, and conveys it to the yard by the belt conveyor system. The hopper on the door seat can be moved to minimize the luffing stroke. As a result, the productivity is higher than that of general portal cranes, and the structural strength of the boom system is also high. The production capacity of the Chinese-built door grab unloader is approximately 800 tons per hour and is suitable for the bulk unloading of small and medium-sized ports.

3.Bridge grab ship unloader.

Bulk cargo unloading machinery with high productivity (Figure 2). It differs from the door grab unloader in that its horizontal movement grab is achieved by the grab car traveling on the crane bridge track, not relying on the tilt of the boom to achieve a higher horizontal movement speed And productivity. The current productivity of this unloader can be as high as about 2,500 tons per hour.